Friday, March 16, 2012

    Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd Allah ibn Baaz
Islamic scholar
Abd al-'Azīz ibn Bāz
Title Shaykh
Born November 21, 1910
Riyadh , Saudi Arabia
Died May 13, 1999 (aged 88)
Saudi Arabia Ethnicity
Region Middle East
Maddhab Hanbali School tradition
Main interests Sharia , Fiqh , Hadith
Muhammad asalafi Ibn Abd al Wahhab
Influenced Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani..Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz ( Arabic : عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن باز ) (November 21, 1910 – May 13, 1999), was a Saudi Arabian Islamic scholar, considered as one of the renowned Muslim scholars of the twentieth century. He was the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia from 1993 until his death in 1999.Ibn Baz was born in the city of Riyadh during the month of Dhu al-Hijjah , 1910 to a family with a reputation for their interest in Islam . His father died when he was only three, placing a big responsibility on his mother to raise him. When asked about his childhood, the sheikh said: "my father died when I was three years old, and I only had my mother who took care of me and educated me encouraging me to learn more about Shari'ah ; she also died when I was twenty six." By the time he was thirteen he had begun working, selling clothing with his brother in a market. Despite the fact that he helped a great deal in supporting his family, he still found time to study the Qur'an , Hadith , Fiqh , and Tafsir . In 1927, when he was sixteen, he started losing his eyesight after being afflicted with a serious infection in his eyes. By the time he was forty, he had totally lost his sight and had become blind. [ 1 ] [ 2 ]
At that time, Saudi Arabia lacked a modern, sophisticated university system. However, Ibn Baaz managed to learn a great deal through his constant reading of Islamic literature as well as his association with different scholars from whom he learned. These include: [ 3 ] [ 4 ]
*. 'Abdullāh bin Fayrij whom he studied the Qur'an with at an early age.
*. Muhammad ibn Zayd, the chief judge in theEastern region.
*. Rāshid ibn Sālih al-Khunayn.
*. 'Abdul-Latif ibn Muhammad ash-Shudayyid.
*. 'Abdullāh bin 'Abdur-Rahmān ibn Kimar
*. 'Abdullāh bin Qu'ood.
*. Sālih ibn Hussayn al-'Irāqi.
*. 'Abdul-Rahmān al- Warrāq.
*. The Mufti of his time, Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn 'Abd al-Latif ash-Shaikh. Ibn Bāz studied under this scholar for ten years. He had studied all the branches of Shari'ah from him during the years 1927 until 1938.
*. Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Latif ibn Abdur-Rahmān ibn Hassan ibn ash-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Abdul-Wahhāb.
*. Sa'ad ibn Hamad ibn Atiq, the chief judge of Riyadh at the time.
*. Hammad ibn Farris, under whom ibn Bāz studied the field of Arabic grammar.
*. Sa'ad Waqqās al-Bukhāri, one of Makkah's most renowned scholars in Tajweed .
*. Sālih ibn 'Abdul-Aziz ibn 'Abdur-Rahmān ibn Hasan ibn Shaykh Muhammad ibn 'Abdul-Wahhāb, one of the judges in the city of Riyadh...
Ibn Bāz had undertaken a number of charitable and other activities such as: [ 6 ]
*. His endless support for Dawah organizations and Islamic centers in many parts of the world.
*. The establishment and supervision of schools for teaching the Qur'an.
*. The foundation of an organization that facilitates marriage for Muslim youth.
*. The popular radio program, Nurun AlaDarb("light on the path"), in which he discussedmany current issues and answered questions from listeners as well as providing fatwa if needed.
Ibn Bāz was considered by many to be prolificspeaker both in public and privately at his mosque . Like his books, his lectures and sermons were numerous and revolved frequently around the situation of the Muslim world . In addition, much of his time was devoted to the lessons he gave after Fajr prayer, teaching during the day, meeting delegates from Muslim countries and sitting with people after Maghrib prayer to provide counseling and advice on personal matters. Healso used to invite people after Isha prayer to share a meal with him. [ 6 ]
Ibn Bāz was among the Muslim scholars who opposed regime change using violence. [ 9 ] He called for obedience to the people in power unless they ordered something that went against God. [ 10 ],,The number of books written by Ibn Bāz exceeds sixty and the subject matter covered many topics such as Hadith , Tafsir , Fara'ed, Tawheed , Fiqh and also a great deal of books on Salat , Zakat , Dawah , Hajj and Umrah . [ 6 ]...

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