ALLAH says in the Quran: "O ye wh...o believe! if you have Taqwaa of ALLAH, He will grant you a criterion (to judge between right and wrong)........"
The verse of the Quran on the basis of which smoking is haraam.
ALLAH says in the Quran Ch 2 ver 195 : "And spend of your substance in the cause of ALLAH, and make not your own hands contribute to (your) destruction; but do good; for ALLAH loveth those who do good."
The Holy Quran Chapter 5 verse 90: "O ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination,- of Satan's handwork: eschew such (abomination), that ye may prosper.
Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 631: Narrated Abi Burda: .........The Prophet said, "All intoxicants are prohibited."
Sahih Muslim Book 023, Number 4963: Ibn 'Umar reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Every intoxicant is Khamr and every intoxicant is forbidden...............
Sunan Abu Dawud Book 26, Number 3678: Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade every intoxicant and everything which produces languidness. =============================
WHO(World Health Organisation) REPORT on the global TOBA CCO epidemic, 2008 Tobacco epidemic death toll : * 100 million dead in the 20th century * Currently 5.4 million deaths every year * Unless urgent action is taken: * By 2030, there will be more than 8 million deaths every year * By 2030, more than 80% of tobacco deaths will be in developing countries * One billion estimated deaths during the 21st century
* Most of tobacco's damage to health does not become evident until years or even decades after the onset of use. So, while tobacco use is rising globally, the epidemic of tobacco-related disease and death has just begun.
Smoking Smoking is "the leading cause of preventable death and disease in the United States," according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). People who smoke are up to six times more likely to suffer a heart attack than nonsmokers, and the risk increases with the number of cigarettes smoked each day. Smoking can also shorten a healthy life, because smokers are likely to suffer a heart attack or other major heart problem at least 10 years sooner than nonsmokers. But heart disease is far from the only health risk faced by smokers. Smoking also raises the risk of stroke and greatly increases the chances of developing lung cancer. Smoking is also linked with many other types of cancer, including cancers of the mouth, urinary tract, kidney, and cervix. Smoking also causes most cases of chronic obstructive lung disease, which includes bronchitis and emphysema. If you live or work with others, your secondhand smoke can cause numerous health problems in those individuals. A recent study shows a 60-percent increased risk of heart disease for nonsmokers who are regularly exposed to secondhand smoke. Currently, 25 percent of American men and 20 percent of American women are smokers. Even more disturbing, 26 percent of high school seniors smoke. In young people, smoking can interfere with lung growth and cause more frequent and severe respiratory illnesses, in addition to heart disease and cancer risks. The younger people start smoking cigarettes, the more likely they are to become strongly addicted to nicotine. There is simply no safe way to smoke. Low-tar and low-nicotine cigarettes do not lessen the risks of heart disease or other smokingrelated diseases. The only safe and healthful course is not to smoke at all. Source : http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/other/your_guide/healthyheart.pdf
========================== According to The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) , a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services :
Tobacco/Nicotine:- Brief Description : Through the use of tobacco, nicotine is one of the most heavily used addictive drugs and the leading preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the U.S. Cigarette smoking accounts for 90% of lung cancer cases in the U.S., and about 38,000 deaths per year can be attributed to secondhand smoke. Cigarettes and chew tobacco are illegal substances in most U.S. states for those under 18; a handful of states have raised the age to 19.
Effects : Nicotine is highly addictive. The tar in cigarettes increases a smoker's risk of lung cancer, emphysema, and bronchial disorders. The carbon monoxide in smoke increases the chance of cardiovascular diseases. Pregnant smokers have a higher risk of miscarriage or low birthweight babies. Secondhand smoke causes lung cancer in adults and greatly increases the risk of respiratory illnesses in children.
========================== According to CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) :
Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. Smoking causes many diseases and reduces the health of smokers in general.1 Smoking and Death
Smoking causes death.
* The adverse health effects from cigarette smoking account for an estimated 443,000 deaths, or nearly one of every five deaths, each year in the United States.2,3 * More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and murders combined.2,4 * Smoking causes 90% of all lung cancer deaths in men and 80% of all lung cancer deaths in women.1 * An estimated 90% of all deaths from chronic obstructive lung disease are caused by smoking.1
Smoking and Increased Health Risks
Compared with nonsmokers, smoking is estimated to increase the risk of—
* coronary heart disease by 2 to 4 times1,5 * stroke by 2 to 4 times1,6 * men developing lung cancer by 23 times1 * women developing lung cancer by 13 times,1 and * dying from chronic obstructive lung diseases (such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema) by 12 to 13 times.1
Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease
* Smoking causes coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in the United States.1 * Cigarette smoking causes reduced circulation by narrowing the blood vessels (arteries) and puts smokers at risk of developing peripheral vascular disease (i.e., obstruction of the large arteries in the arms and legs that can cause a range of problems from pain to tissue loss or gangrene).1,7 * Smoking causes abdominal aortic aneurysm (i.e., a swelling or weakening of the main artery of the body—the aorta—where it runs through the abdomen).1
Smoking and Respiratory Disease
* Smoking causes lung cancer.1,2 * Smoking causes lung diseases (e.g., emphysema, bronchitis, chronic airway obstruction) by damaging the airways and alveoli (i.e., small air sacs) of the lungs.1,2
Smoking and Cancer
Smoking causes the following cancers:1
* Acute myeloid leukemia * Bladder cancer * Cancer of the cervix * Cancer of the esophagus * Kidney cancer * Cancer of the larynx (voice box) * Lung cancer * Cancer of the oral cavity (mouth) * Cancer of the pharynx (throat) * Stomach cancer * Cancer of the uterus
Smoking and Other Health Effects
Smoking is associated with the following adverse health effects:
* infertility, * preterm delivery, * stillbirth, * low birth weight, and * sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).1,8
Smoking is associated with the following adverse health effects:8
* Postmenopausal women who smoke have lower bone density than women who never smoked. * Women who smoke have an increased risk for hip fracture than women who never smoked.
References : for refrences see the site mentioned below.
[Note : CDC's(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) National Center for Health Marketing, Coordinating Center for Health Information and Service, has been responsible for leading, managing, and improving CDC.gov.] ==========================
What kinds of illness and death are caused by smoking?
About half of all Americans who keep smoking will die because of the habit. Each year about 443,000 people in the United States die from illnesses related to tobacco use. Smoking cigarettes kills more Americans than alcohol, car accidents, suicide, AIDS, homicide, and illegal drugs combined. Cancer caused by smoking
Cigarette smoking accounts for at least 30% of all cancer deaths. It is linked with an increased risk of the following cancers:
* Lung * Larynx (voice box) * Oral cavity (mouth, tongue, and lips) * Pharynx (throat) * Esophagus (tube connecting the throat to the stomach) * Stomach * Pancreas * Cervix * Kidney * Bladder * Acute myeloid leukemia
Smoking is responsible for almost 9 out of 10 lung cancer deaths. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women, and is one of the hardest cancers to treat. Lung cancer is a disease that can often be prevented. Some religious groups that promote non-smoking as part of their religion, such as Mormons and Seventh-day Adventists, have much lower rates of lung cancer and other smoking-related cancers. Other health problems caused by smoking
As serious as cancer is, it accounts for less than half of the deaths related to smoking each year. Smoking is a major cause of heart disease, aneurysms, bronchitis, emphysema, and stroke.
Using tobacco can damage a woman's reproductive health and hurt babies. Tobacco use is linked with reduced fertility and a higher risk of miscarriage, early delivery (premature birth), and stillbirth. It is also a cause of low birth-weight in infants. It has been linked to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), too.
Smoking can make pneumonia and asthma worse. It has been linked to other health problems, too, including gum disease, cataracts, bone thinning, hip fractures, and peptic ulcers. Some studies have also linked smoking to macular degeneration, an eye disease that can cause blindness.
Smoking can cause or worsen poor blood flow in the arms and legs (peripheral vascular disease or PVD.) Surgery to improve the blood flow often doesn't work in people who keep smoking. Because of this, many surgeons who work on blood vessels (vascular surgeons) won't do certain surgeries on patients with PVD unless they stop smoking.
The smoke from cigarettes (called secondhand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke) can also have harmful health effects on those exposed to it. Adults and children can have health problems from breathing secondhand smoke. (See our documents, Secondhand Smoke and Women and Smoking.) Effects of smoking on how long you live and your quality of life
Based on data collected from 1995 to 1999, the CDC estimated that adult male smokers lost an average of 13.2 years of life and female smokers lost 14.5 years of life because of smoking.
But not all of the health problems related to smoking result in deaths. Smoking affects a smoker's health in many ways, harming nearly every organ of the body and causing diseases. According to the CDC, in 2000 about 8.6 million people had at least one chronic disease because they smoked or had smoked. Many of these people were suffering from more than one smoking-related problem. The diseases seen most often were chronic bronchitis, emphysema, heart attacks, strokes, and cancer. And some studies have found that male smokers may be more likely to be sexually impotent (have erectile dysfunction) than non-smokers. These problems can steal away a person's quality of life long before death. Smoking-related illness can limit a person's daily life by making it harder to breathe, get around, work, or play.
You Can Stop Smoking The good news is that quitting smoking immediately reduces your risk of heart disease and other serious disorders, with the benefit increasing over time. Just 1 year after you stop smoking, your heart disease risk will drop by more than half. Within several years, it will approach the heart disease risk of someone who has never smoked. No matter how long you've been smoking, or how much, quitting will lessen your chances of developing heart disease. See more at page 76-78 http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/other/your_guide/healthyheart.pdf
Smoking is one of the things which have caused a lot of problems and harm these days and it has spread like wild fire. Before we discuss this topic in detail, we should know that Allah the Almighty has divided things in the world into two types: 1- good or permissible [al-tayyibaat, al-halaal], & 2- evil or prohibited [al-khabaa'ith, al-haraam], and There is no third type.
Quran :: Surah: 7 [al-A'raaf] :: Ayat: 157 "And He makes good things halaal for them and bad things haraam."
Quran :: Surah: 5 [al-Maida] :: Ayat: 90 "O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah ], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful."
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston, 1978, P. 686 The word intoxicant has three  meanings: i. To induce, especially the effect of ingested alcohol. ii. To stimulate or excite. iii. To poison. The latter two meanings are very valid and applicable to nicotine.
Considering this fact, smoking can either be permissible and good or prohibited and evil.
Previous Ulemas used to give a Fatwa that smoking is Makrooh based on the knowledge that they had at that time. Today science has advanced and hence the Scholars have changed their opinions keeping in view the ill effects of smoking which have come to light recently. According to latest Fatwas given by more than 400 Ulemas, they say cigarette smoking is Haram based on the Quranic verse of surah: 2 [baqara] :: ayat: 195 "Do not make your own hands the cause of your own destruction."
1- Smoking is a Killer. Smoking is nothing but a form of slow suicide. It causes diseases like lung cancer, tuberculosis and heart diseases (just to mention a few). And we know that Allah forbids us from killing ourselves.
Quran :: Surah: 17 [al-Isra] :: Ayat: 33 "And do not kill anyone which Allah has forbidden..."
Quran :: Surah: 2 [al-Baqara] :: Ayat: 195 "Do not make your own hands the cause of your own destruction."
Quran :: Surah: 4 [al-Nisa] :: Ayat: 29 "Do not kill or destroy yourselves for verily God is most Merciful unto you."
2- Smoking inflicts harm on non-smokers. It is scientifically proven that the passive smoking is dangerous. Many people encounter breathing problems when they accidentally inhale smoke from someone's pipe or cigarettes, especially people suffering from bronchial asthma. The smoking of parents has been linked to respiratory problems in children and crib death. It is also the cause of many devastating fires.
Quran :: Surah: 33 [al-Ahzaab] :: Ayat: 58 "Those who cause harm to believing men and women without any reason do a great sin."
3- Smoking burns [waste] wealth. The amount of money a smoker spends on cigarette smoking in a period of 30 years is calculated to be Two Hundred Thousand Dollars or more. All this money is simply wasted (not including the money spent on smoker's health care).
Quran :: Surah: 17 [al-Isra] :: Ayat: 26-27 "Do not spend wastefully (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift. Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the devils."
4- Smoking effects worship. The body is polluted by smoking. Hence smokers cannot pray until they have cleansed themselves.
Quran :: Surah: 4 [al-Nisa] :: Ayat: 43 "O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying or in a state of Janabah, except those passing through [a place of prayer], until you have washed [your whole body]."
Everything that a smoker comes in contact with smell of cigarettes; His car, clothes, home, etc. Therefore, when a smoker prays in congregation he hurts his fellow humans with his smell as well as the angels.
Muslim :: Book: 4 [Book of prayers] :: Hadith: 1147 The Prophet said: "Whoever has eaten from such greens as garlic, onions or leek should keep away from our mosque. Truly, the angels are harmed by what harms the offspring of Aadam."
FACTS ABOUT SMOKING
According to the WHO [World Health Organization], there are more than a million people every year who only die because of cigarette smoking. Worldwide, about 1.35 billion people smoke. The world population statistic in 2009 stood at 6.8 billion meaning almost 20% of the world's population smokes & 5 million deaths per year in the world caused by cigarette smoking. Around 600,000 people die each year due to second hand smoke. It means in every 6.5 seconds a current or former smoker dies.
Nancy Brinker, WHO's Goodwill Ambassador for Cancer Control: The tobacco use killed 100 million people in the 20th century and threatens to kill 1 billion more in the 21st - more than malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV combined if current smoking trends continue.
By the mid-2020s, the WHO predicts, 85% of all smokers will come from the world's poorer countries. If the WHO forecasts are correct, smoking could become the world's biggest killer over the next 20 years, causing more deaths than HIV, tuberculosis, road accidents, murder and suicide put together.
According to the organization smoking-related diseases are killing 5 million people a year worldwide and that number will raise to 10 million a year in the next 25 years.
SMOKING STATISTICS WORLDWIDE
Pakistan Professor Javaid A. Khan, Consultant Chest Physician at AKUH, speaking on the ill-effects of smoking at a seminar held at Aga Khan University, Karachi on October 12, 2004. "40% men & 8% women in Pakistan are regular smokers. 100,000 people die every year from Tobacco related diseases. If we don't take any action, the current global death rate of 5 million per year from tobacco use will increase to 10 million per year by 2025."
A 2008 survey of 450 students in Karachi found that 64.2 percent of males and 37.9 percent of females had smoked a `shisha' at least once in their lifetime; 77.3 percent of males and 33.3 percent of females smoked a `shisha' regularly.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Pakistan's population of 160 million includes 22-25 million tobacco smokers; 36 percent of adult males and 9 percent of adult females smoke.
India - 900,000 Indians die because of smoking each year year. China - 1.2 million people die because of smoking each year. That's 2,000 people a day. Japan - smoking is the leading cause of death and is responsible for 20% of all cancers. 50 percent of men and 14 percent of women smoke. Russia - smoking kills between 400,000 and 500,000 Russians every year from smoking ailments. Indonesia - 200,000 people die each year of smoking-related diseases. Germany - 140,000 Germans die every year from tobacco-related illnesses. UK - 90,000 people die from smoking each year. USA - 443,000 Americans die because of smoking each year. Secondhand smoke kills about 50,000 of them. 1,000 teens become new smokers every day in the United States Turkey - around 110,000 people each year die of smoking-related illnesses, according to official figures. France - there are about 66,000 smoking-related deaths each year Mexico - around 65,000 people die because of smoking each year. The country has 105 million people. Spain - 50,000 die because of smoking each year. About 30 percent of Spaniards smoke. Iran - 50,000 Iranians die each year from tobacco related illnesses, according to the government. 200,000 Iranian projected to die from smoking by 2019. Canada - 37,000 people die from smoking every year, according to the Ministry of Health. Egypt - 34,000 tobacco-related deaths each year. Saudi Arabia - 22,000 Saudis die of smoking related diseases every year, according to the Anti-Smoking Society. South Africa - 44,000 adults die each year from smoking, according to the NCAS [National Council Against Smoking]. Greece - 20,000 people die of smoking-related diseases each year. Australia - 15,000 to 19,000 Australians deaths each year are caused by smoking.
ILL EFFECTS OF SMOKING - It raises blood pressure. - The blood vessels in the eye are sensitive and can be easily damaged by smoke - Smokers take 25 per cent more sick days a year than non-smokers. - It stains your teeth and gums. - It increases your risk of periodontal disease, which causes swollen gums, bad breath and teeth to fall out. - It can lead to progressive liver damage. Most hepatitis C patients are prone to severe liver damage when left untreated or when accompanied with smoking habits. - It reduces the blood supply to the skin and lowers levels of vitamin A. - It damages the throat. - It affects digestive system. - It causes peptic ulcer. - It causes hardening of the arteries. - It causes constipation. - It causes lung, mouth, throat, tongue, cervix and other cancers. - It causes loss of eyesight. - It causes loss of libido. - It causes loss of figure. - It causes loss of memory. - It causes insecurity, anger, concentration, forgetfulness, violent behavior etc.
The list is huge and goes on and on and on. I simply haven't space to include all the nasty diseases that smoking can give you. So, honestly, it's best to quit NOW!
ISLAMIC CURE FOR SMOKING
It is first recommended to make the firm intention, from deep in your heart, to give up this evil habit. Trust in Allah's words: Quran :: Surah: 3 [al-Imran] :: Ayat: 159-160 "...When you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah. Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him]. If Allah helps you, none can overcome you; if He forsakes you, who is it - after that - that can help you? In Allah, then, let believers put their trust"
If a Muslim is under any kind of stress, then he must turn to Allah for help. Even medical science has rejected outright, the myth that smoking calms the nerves. What we know for sure, is that the remembrance of Allah is healing, as Allah says: Quran :: Surah: 13 [ar-Raad] :: Ayat: 28 "Verily in the remembrance of Allah hearts are assured."
So when the urge for smoking arises, resort to the Qur'aan and strive to comply with Allah's commandments. Quran :: Surah: 29 [al-Ankabut] :: Ayat: 69 "Those who strive hard in our cause, we will surely guide them to our paths."
FATWA GIVEN BY SAUDI ARAB ON SMOKING
In view of the harm caused by tobacco, growing, trading in and smoking of tobacco are judged to be HARAM. The Prophet PBUH is reported to have said, "Do not harm yourselves or others". Furthermore, tobacco is unwholesome and God says in the Quran that the Prophet PBUH enjoins upon them that which is good and pure and forbids them that which is unwholesome.
Permanent Committee of Academic Research and Fatwa, Saudi Arabia. Abdul-Aziz bin Baz, Chairman. Abdul-Razzaq Afifi, Vice-President. Abdullah bin Ghadian, Member. Abdullah bin Qa'oud, Member