Sunday, May 22, 2011

Islam And its Related Terms and Meanings


 “Here Is A List Of Some Arabic Words That Are Affiliated With Islam And Their Meanings”

What is Islam?
The name of the religion is Islam, which comes from an Arabic root word meaning "peace" and "submission."   Islam teaches that one can only find peace in one's life by submitting to Almighty God (Allah) in heart, soul and deed.  The same Arabic root word gives us "Asalamu’alaikum," ("Peace be with you"), the universal Muslim greeting.

Who is a Muslim?
A person who believes in and consciously follows Islam is called a Muslim, also from the same root word.  So, the religion is called Islam, and a person who follows it is a Muslim.

How Many and Where?
Islam is a major world religion, with over 1 billion followers worldwide (1/5  of the world population).  It is considered one of the Abrahamic, monotheistic faiths, along with Judaism and Christianity.  Although usually associated with the Arabs of the Middle East, less than 10% of Muslims are in fact Arab.  Muslims are found all over the world, of every nation, colour and race.  Muslim majorities are found throughout the Middle East, North Africa, East Asia and the Pacific Islands.  Large numbers are also found in Western Europe, the former Soviet Union, and North America.

Who is Allah?
Allah is the proper name for Almighty God, and is often translated merely as "God."  Allah has other 99  names that are used to describe His characteristics:  the Creator, the Sustainer, the Merciful, the Compassionate, the Judge, the Governor, the Eternal, etc.  Allah is without beginning, without end, and He alone sees and knows all things.  Allah is transcendent, yet close to mankind.   "...He knows what enters within the earth and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from heaven and what mounts up to it.  And He is with you whosesoever you may be.  And Allah sees well all that you do" (Qur'an 57:4).  Since Allah alone is the Creator, it is He alone that deserves our devout love and worship.  Anything other than Him is simply His creation.  "That is Allah, your Lord!  There is no god but He, the Creator of all things; then worship Him, and He has power to dispose of all affairs.  No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision; He is the Sublime, Well-Aware" (Qur'an 6:102-103).  Islam holds to a strict monotheism - Allah has no partners and is not divided into a trinity.  "Say: He is Allah, the One; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute.  He begets not, nor is He begotten, and there is none like unto Him" (Qur'an 112:1-4).  Any worship and prayers directed at saints, prophets, other human beings or nature is considered idolatry.

Allah - One God.
Al Salat Fajr - Pre-dawn prayer. The first of the obligatory five daily prayers.
Al Salat Zohr - Early afternoon prayer. The second of the obligatory five daily prayers.
Al Salat Asr - Late afternoon prayer. The third of the obligatory five daily prayers.
Al Salat Maghrib - After sunset prayer. The fourth of the obligatory five daily prayers.
Al Salat Isha - Night prayer. The fifth of the obligatory five daily prayers.
Al Salat Istikharah - When a person has a choice between doing a particular (permissible) act, he asks Allah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) to guide him to that act if it is better for him and to take him away from that act if it is not good for him, and to bring him what is good for him. This is done by performing two Rakats of voluntary prayer and then making a special supplication afterwards.
Al Salat Istisqaa - The prayer invoking Allah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) for rain. It is followed by a Khutbah.
Al Salat Khusoof - the two Rakats prayer performed on the occasion of the lunar eclipse.
Al Salat Tahajjud - Voluntary late-night prayers, performed between Salat al - Isha. and Salat al - Fajr.
Al Salat Taraweeh - Voluntary prayers offered after the Salat al-Isha. on the nights of Ramadan. These may be performed individually or in Jumah.
Al - Tawaaf Ifaadhah - The circumambulation of the Kabah which is performed on the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah. It is one of the pillars or essential acts of the Hajj.
Al - Wada Tawaaf - Tawaaf of the Kabah prior to leaving Makkah. It is preferred this be the last act before leaving Makkah.
Adab - Etiquette, morals, manners, rules of conduct, public morals.
Akhirah - The Hereafter.
Aalim (pl. 'Ulamaa.) - Learned religious scholar.
Ameen - Literally means "O Allah!! accept my/our invocation(s)".
Aashooraa - The 10th day of Muharram (the first month of the Islamic calendar).
Ayah (pl. Ayat) - A section of the Quranic text often referred to as a verse. It is also the smallest unit of revelation.
Abd - A male slave/servant.
Abkam (pl. Bukmun, Bukman) - Dumb
Adaalah - Justice, uprightness of character.
Adl - Justice, upright and just.
Ahad - Solitary Hadith, report by a single person or by odd individuals.
Ahlul-Kitaab (People of the Book) - Term used collectively to refer to the Jews and Christians, to whom the Towraat (Tawrah) and the Injeel (Gospel) were revealed respectively.
Ajnabee (fem. Ajnabiyyah) - Stranger, foreigner, alien, unrelated, third party. - The major sins.
Allah Hu Akbar - Literally means "Allah is the Greatest".
Allahul-Musta'an - Literally means "Allah's assistance is sought"
Alhumdulillah - Literally means "All Praise be to Allah".
Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa - The Masjid in Al-Quds (Jerusalem), which is the third holiest Masjid in Islam.
Al-Masjid Al-Haram - The grand Masjid in Makkah, which is the holiest Masjid in Islam.
Al-Masjid An-Nabawee - The Prophet's Masjid in Madina, which is the second holiest Masjid in Islam.
Amah - A female slave/servant.
Amal - Act, practice, precedent.
Amr (pl. Awamir, Umoor) - Command, matter, affair.
Aqeedah - Creed, belief, way of thinking.
Aqeeqah - The sacrificing of two sheep for a boy or one sheep for a girl on the occasion of their birth, as a token of gratitude to Allah for His favours.
Aql - Intellect, rationality, reason.
Arafah (pl. Arafat) - The open plains south-east of Makkah where the pilgrims gather on the 9th day of Dhul-Hijjah as per the rites of the Hajj.
Asl (pl. Usool) - Root, origin, source.
Asalamu’alaikum Warahmatullah Wabarakatuhu - Literally means "peace be upon you". It is the expression used by Muslims to greet each other.
Astagfirullah - Literally means "I seek forgiveness from Allah".
A'oothu Billahe Min Ash Shaitan Ir Rajeem - Literally means "I beseech Allah in seeking refuge from Shaitan the outcast".
Athar (pl. Aathaar) - Deeds and precedents of the Companions of the Prophet (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam).
Awrah - Reference to the portions of a person's body that are to be covered properly. Under different circumstances, a person's 'Awrah will be different. For example, for women, their 'Awrah in the prayer when no men are around is different from their 'Awrah when they go out in public which is yet different from their 'Awrah when they perform the Hajj or the 'Umrah.
Amir - Leader.
Athan or Azan - Call to prayer. Summons issued from MINARET by MUEZZIN to call faithful to prayer services.
Baatil (Ibtaal) - Null and void.
Baqee - The graveyard of the people of Madina, close to the Prophet's Masjid. A number of the Prophet's (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam) wives and daughters are buried there, including many thousands of his companions.
Bid'ah - An innovation in the religion of Islam. This is to be detested and rejected.
Bint (pl. Banaat) - Daughter (of)
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem - Literally means "In the name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful".
Daa'ee (pl. Du'aat); (fem. Daa'iyah) - One who engages in missionary work to invite all people to worship Allah as one without associating any partners with Him, in short - Islam.
Dajjaal - Great liar or deceiver. The one-eyed beast popularly known as the Anti-Christ.
Daleel (pl. Adillaah) - Proof, indication, evidence.
Dawah - “Mission”. Activity designed to invigorate the faithful and/or attract Reverts.
Deen - Way of life, religion.
Dhuhaa - The forenoon. Also time for the voluntary prayer.
Dhul-Qi'dah - Eleventh month of the Islamic Hijrah year.
Dhul-Hijjah - Twelfth month of the Islamic Hijrah year.
Diyah (pl. Diyaat) - Blood-money (for wounds, killing etc.), compensation paid by the killer to the relatives of the victim.
Dunya - This world.
Dua - Private prayers or supplications. Not compulsory but customary.
Eid - Important Religious festival.
Eid Al-Fitr - The feast of breaking the fast. The most important Muslim festival. Immediately after the confirmed sighting of the new moon which indicates the end of the month of Ramadan. Usually a special ZAKAT is raised and distributed among the poor people.
Eid Al-Adha - The feast of sacrifice. The second most important Muslim festival . Occurs two months after end of Ramadan. Customarily a wealthy family or group will sacrifice an animal and distribute the meat among the poor.
Fahshaa - Fornication, lewdness.
Faqeeh (pl. Fuqahaa.) - Jurist, one who is learned in fiqh. - Fixed share prescribed for distribution of the wealth of the deceased amongst the relatives.
Fardh - Obligatory, obligation.
Fardh'ayn - Personal obligation.
Fardh Kifaayah - Collective obligation.
Fatwa (p. Fataawa) - Legal ruling based upon the Quran and the Sunnah, passed by a Scholar in response to a question.
Fidyah - Ransom, compensation, redemption (from omission of religious obligation).
Fiqh - Islamic jurisprudence.
Fatwa - Legal decision on purely religious matters.
Fitnah - Translates to civil strife, war, riot, or satanic act.
F.I.A.N.Z - An acronym for Federation of Islamic Associations of New Zealand.
Ghusl - "Major ritual purification", the complete ritual washing of the body. It is required, for example, after sexual intercourse or after a woman has completed her menses.
Hadath Akbar - The major impurity, i.e. after sexual relations or fluid discharge.
Hadath Asghar - The minor impurity, i.e. passing wind, urine or stools.
Hadd (pl. Hudood) - Limit, prescribed penalty.
Hafitha-hallaah - Literally means, "May Allah protect and preserve her".
Hafitha-humallaah - Literally means, "May Allah protect and preserve them both".
Hajj - Pilgrimage. One of five principle and strongly encouraged feature or “pillars” of Islam. This involves a series of rites over seven days in Mecca.
Halal - Released or sanctified. Food, especially, meat which has been ritually slaughtered before God by a Muslim.
Haram - That which is unlawful/forbidden in Islaam.
Hassan - An acceptable Hadith although it does not reach the level of authenticity of a Saheeh Hadith. It is still considered an authority in Islamic Law.
Hayaa - 'Modesty', 'self-respect', 'bashfulness', 'honour', etc. It is of two kinds: good Hayaa - is to be ashamed to commit a sin which Allah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) and His Messenger (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam) have forbidden: bad Hayaa - is to be ashamed to do that which Allah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) and His Messenger (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam) have ordered.
Hijab - A reference to the proper dress of a Muslim woman which covers her completely.
Hijaamah (Ihtijaam) - Cupping.
Hijrah - The Prophet Muhammad's (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam) migration from Makkah to Madina, signifying the beginning of the Islamic calendar.
Hukm (pl. Ahkaam) - Law, value or ruling of Sharee'ah.
Ibil (pl. Jimaal) - Camel.
Ibn (pl. Banoon) - Son (of).
Ibn as-Sabeel - One on a journey, tramp.
Ibt (pl. Aabaat) - Armpit.
Iddah - The woman's waiting period following dissolution of marriage either by death (of her husband) or divorce.
Iftaar - Breaking the fast.
Ihraam - The inviolable state of either Hajj or 'Umrah. In this state, one is not allowed to perform certain acts that on another occasions are permissible.
Ijbaar - Compulsion.
Ijmaa - Consensus of opinion, unanimous, resolution.
Ijtihaad - The effort a jurist makes in order to deduce the law, which is not self-evident, from it sources.
Ikhtilaaf - Juristic disagreement, difference of opinion.
Imam - Muslim “Priest”. Usually referred to the man, qualified or otherwise, responsible for leading the congregational prayers.
Iman - Faith. In Islam this includes belief in God, His angels, His books, His prophets and the Day of Judgment.
Islam - Submission to God. The name of the faith of Muslims who believe themselves to have surrendered, in all respects, to Allah - the one God. There are five “Pillars” or key points.
1. Shahadah - (Creed or testament affirming the God and Muhammad as Prophet of God)
2. Salat - (Prayer - five times daily)
3. Zakat - (Aims - a voluntary poor tax)
4. Sawm - (Fasting - during the month of Ramadan)
5. Hajj - (Pilgrimage)
Iqamat - A call indicating the prayer is about to begin.
Irth (Meeraath, pl. Mawaareeth) - Inheritance.
Istihaadhah - This is a prolonged or continuous flow of blood from the vagina or a flow of blood of outside of the monthly menses.
Ithbaat - Confirming, authenticating, making sure.
Ithm (pl. Aathaam) - Sin, crime, wrongdoing.
I'tikaaf - Seclusion in a Masjid for the purpose of worshipping Allah only. Commonly practised during the last ten days and nights of Ramadan.
Ittibaa - Holding steadfast to authentic narrations, imitation.
Jahannam - Hell.
Jamaa'ah (pl. Jamaa'aat) - Congregation, group, party.
Janaabah - The major state of impurity, after having had sexual relations or sexual discharge through whatever means, i.e. a wet dream. In this state, ghusl is obligatory, if unable to do so, then Tayammum will temporarily suffice.
Jannah - Paradise.
Janaza - Funeral.
Jazaa-Kallaahu Khayr - Literally means, "May Allah reward you ([male] singular) with good".
Jazaa-Kumallaahu Khayr - Literally means, "May Allah reward you ([male/female] two) with good".
Jazaa-Kumullaahu Khayr - Literally means, "May Allah reward you ([male] group) with good".
Jazaa-Killaahu Khayr - Literally means, "May Allah reward you ([female] singular) with good".
Jazaa-Kunullaahu Khayr - Literally means, "May Allah reward you ([female] group) with good".
Jazaa-Hullaahu Khayr - Literally means, "May Allah reward him ([male] singular) with good".
Jazaa-Humallaahu Khayr - Literally means, "May Allah reward them ([male/female] two) with good".
Jazaa-Humullaahu Khayr - Literally means, "May Allah reward them ([male] group) with good".
Jazaa-Hallaahu Khayr - Literally means, "May Allah reward her ([female] singular) with good".
Jazaa-Hunullaahu Khayr - Literally means, "May Allah reward them ([female] group) with good".
Jihad - To strive hard, or to fight to defend one's life, property, freedom, and religion. It can also refer to an attempt to free other people from oppression and tyranny. Importantly, Islaam strongly opposes kidnapping, terrorism, or hijacking against civilian targets, even at the time of war.
Jilbaab - Outer cloak that women are commanded to wear, as mentioned in Surah al-Ahzaab. It covers the woman's entire body from her head to her feet.
Jinn - Living beings created from fire. They can observe humans and all that is around them, however the humans cannot see them. It is both the Jinn and the mankind to whom Muhammad (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam) was sent as the final Messenger.
Jizyah - head tax imposed on all non-Muslims living under the protection of an Islamic government.
Jumaada al-Oolaa - Fifth month of the Islamic Hijrah year.
Jumaada ath-Thaaniyah / Al-Aakhirah - sixth month of the Islamic Hijrah year.
Jumhoor - Dominant majority.
Junub - A person in a state of Janaabah.
Jummah - Friday. The day of weekly congregational prayers in mosque at midday.
Kafir (pl. Kuffar, Kaafiroon) - literally means "one who covers up the truth". It is used to refer to someone who is made aware of the message of Islaam but refuses to worship Allah (Subhana wa Ta’ala). Commonly known as disbeliever.
Kaffaarah (pl. Kaffaaraat) - Penance, expiation.
Ka’ba or Ka’bah - Sacred square building in centre of MECCA, built by prophets Abraham and his son Ismail. All Muslims face towards KA`BA for ritual prayer (SALAT) and circle building during pilgrimage (HAJJ).
Kalaam - speech, often used as abbreviation for 'ilmul-kalaam which is theology and dogmatics.
Karaahah (or Karaahiyyah) - Abhorrence, abomination.
Khaas - Specific, a word or a text which conveys a specific meaning.
Khabar (pl. Akhbaar) - news, report. Also used as a synonym for Hadith.
Khalifah - The religious and political leader of the Islamic state.
Kufr - Disbelief.
Kunyah - nickname, commonly practised amongst the Arabs by calling a male Abu, i.e. father (of so and so); and a female Umm, i.e. mother (of so and so). So for example Abu 'Abdullah means Father of 'Abdullah, and likewise Umm 'Abdullah means Mother of 'Abdullah.
Khutbah - Sermon. The exhortation given every Friday at the congregational prayers in the MOSQUE by the IMAM on the minbar (pulpit) in the lingua franca.
Koran or Quran - The Recitation. The Muslim holy book which forms the primary basis of doctrine in Islam. Muslims are encouraged to study it in its original classical Arabic and Imams are almost always proficient in this respect.
Laa ilaaha ill-Allah - Literally means, "There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah".
Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk - literally means "O Allah!! I respond to Your Call".
Laylatul-Qadar - One of the odd last ten nights of the month of Ramadan for which Allah has prescribed the reward for acts of worship being better/equivalent to 1,000 months (83 years and 4 months).
Masha Allah - literally means, "Whatever Allah wishes", indicating a good omen.
M.A.C - Muslim Association of Canterbury. (New Zealand)
Madrasah or Medresah - Religious school instructed by IMAM or MAULANA.
Madina - the Holy city located in Saudi Arabia, which was the first political centre of Islaam. The Prophet Muhammad's (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam) grave and Masjid are located in this city.
Madhab (pl. Madhahib) - Juristic school of thought.
Mahr - Bridal-money given by the husband to the wife at the time of marriage. It is from the rights of the wife. It strictly becomes the property of the wife to use as she wishes.
Mahram - A reference to a woman's husband and all the men that are within the prohibited degrees of marriage, such as her father, brothers, father-in-law and so forth. It is allowed for a woman to be alone with such men, travel with them and so on. It can also be used in reference to a man's wife and all the women relatives within the prohibited degrees, such as his mother, sisters and so forth. He is allowed to be alone with such women, travel with them and so forth.
Makka or Makkah or Mecca - Holiest city of Islam. Birthplace of Prophet Muhammad. (PBUH) Location of Holy KA`BA and centre of Islamic pilgrimage.
Masjid or Mosque - A place of prayer. The essential requirement is a consecrated space (open, covered or both - although preferably - covered) where the Imam leads congregational prayers ranked in rows behind him, all facing the QIBLAH towards Mecca.
Makrooh - Not approved of, abominable, reprehensible - however not sinful.
Mandoob - Commendable.
Manhaj - Methodology.
Mansookh - Abrogated, repealed.
Maqaam Ibrahim - the stone upon which Ibrahim stood whilst he and his son Ismaa'eel built the Ka'bah.
Marwah - One of the two mounts neighbouring to the east of al-Masjid al-Haram. It is required to perform the Sa’eed between the two mounts seven times, (beginning at Safa) during the Hajj and the 'Umrah.
Mashhoor - Well-known, widespread.
Mawdoo (pl. Mawdoo'aat) - Fabricated, forged.
Meeqaat (pl. Mawaaqeet) - refers to a place specified for pilgrims to assume the state of ihraam.
Mihrab - Niche. A small alcove in a wall indicating the direction of Mecca. The IMAM customarily leads prayers standing here.
Minaret - Spire. Tall tower traditionally attached to dome of mosque, from which the AZAN is pronounced five times daily by MUEZZIN.
Mi'raaj - ascension of the Prophet (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam) to the heavens.
Miswaak - "Toothbrush" adapted from the roots of the Arak tree.
Mu.adhdhin - One who makes the adhan.
Mubaah (Ibaahah) - Permissible.
Mufti - Senior Islamic jurist who is qualified to issue FATWA on religious matters. In New Zealand a term popularly used to describe senior IMAM of ULEMA and more recently the formal chairman of the Ulema Board of the Federation of Islamic Associations of New Zealand (See FIANZ).
Muhajir or Muhajirun - Migrant(s). Particularly those who emigrate for religious reasons, for the sake of Islam.
Muezzin - One who makes the call to prayer usually from the MINARET. In New Zealand more commonly declared from the front of the room (or available space).
Muhammad - The last Messenger of Allah to all of mankind and jinn. He was the last of the Prophets in a line which included such Prophets as Ibrahim (Abraham), Nooh (Noah), Mousa (Moses), 'Isa (Jesus) ('alayhi as-salaam). No new Prophets or Messengers will ever be sent after him. Muhammad (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam) was a direct descendant of Ibrahim through Ismaa'eel (Ishmael) ('alayhi as-salaam).
Muharram - First month of the Islamic Hijrah year.
Mujahid (pl. Mujaahidoon) - One engaged in jihad.
Muslim - One in submission to God. An adherent of Islam who believes him self to have completely surrendered to God and His will.
Mukallaf - A competent person who is in full possession of his faculties.
Mu’min - A believer in Allah, His Angels, His (revealed) Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, pre-destination both the good and the bad.
Munafiq - A hypocrite from amongst the Muslims whose punishment will be worse than that of a disbeliever in the Hereafter.
Mushrik - A polytheist, one who associates partners in the worship of Allah.
Musnad (pl. Masaaneed) - A Hadith with a continuous chain of transmitters.
Mustahaadhah - Reference to the physical condition of a woman characterised by the condition of Istihaadhah.
Mu'takif - One in a state of I’tikaaf.
Naafilah (pl. Nawaafil) - Voluntary act of worship.
Naasikh - The abrogator.
Nahee - prohibition.
Naskh - Abrogation, repeal.
Nass (pl. Nusoos) - A clear injunction, an explicit textual ruling.
Nisaab - Minimum amount of property liable to payment of the Zakat.
N.Z.M.A - An acronym for New Zealand Muslim Association.
People Of The Book (Ahlul-Kitaab) - Term used collectively to refer to the Jews and Christians, to whom the Towraat (Tawrah) and the Injeel (Gospel) were revealed respectively.
Qaadhee - Judge.
Qadar - Divine pre-ordainment.
Qiblah or Kiblah - Direction of prayer and prostration in ritual worship. Marked by MIHRAB in mosque.
Qiraan - When a person performs Hajj and 'Umrah at one time, with one intention, and entering the state of ihraam only once.
Qiyaam - The standing posture in Salat.
Qiyaamat - The Day of Resurrection, the Day of Judgement.
Qu'ood - The sitting posture in Salat.
Ramadan - The Muslim month of fasting. One of five “pillars” of Islam this occurs on the ninth month of the Muslim calendar and this take place in different season and different dates on the Christian calendar.
Rajm - The stoning to death of those married persons who commit the crime of illegal sexual intercourse (adultery).
Rakat (pl. Raka'aat) - A "unit" of prayer. For example, Salat al-Fajr consists of two Rakats.
Ramal - Walking fast around the Ka'bah during Tawaaf exaggerating the movement of the limbs to display one's physical strength. This is specific to men and is to be done for the first three circuits only.
Ramee - Stoning the pillars in Mina. This is from the rites of the Hajj.
Ribaa - interest, usury. It is of two types:(i) Ribaa Nissee.a, i.e. interest on lent money; (ii) Ribaa Fadhl, i.e. taking a superior thing of the same kind of goods by giving more of the same kind of goods of inferior quality, e.g., dates of superior quality for dates of inferior quality in greater amount. Islaam strictly forbids all types of usury.
Riwaayah (pl. Riwaayaat) - Narration, transmission.
Rukn (pl. Arkaan) - Pillar, essential element.
Ruku - the half-prostration posture in Salat.
Saa - A measure of food. It is approximately equivalent to three kilograms of specific types of foods. In reality, it is four times what a person can hold when he cups both of his hands together.
Sabab (pl. Asbaab) - Cause, means of obtaining something.
Salat - Prayer. The formal and ritual worship which Muslims must observe five times a day.
Sa'ee - Walking seven times between the mountains of Safa and Marwah during the Hajj and the 'Umrah.
Safa - one of the two mounts neighbouring to the east of al-Masjid al-Haram. It is required to perform the Sa’ee between the two mounts seven times, (beginning at Safa) during the Hajj and the 'Umrah.
Sahabah - the close companions of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam).
Saheeh - An authentic Hadith, a Hadith of the highest level of authenticity. It is an authority in Islamic law.
Sahoor - The recommended pre-dawn meal preceding the fast.
Salah (pl. Salawat) - Term referred to specific supplications and actions, correctly understood as prayers. The Muslims are required to perform five daily prayers. It is one of the five pillars of Islam.
Sal-Allaahi 'alayhi wa Salam - May Allah send prayers and salutations upon him.
Sawm - Obligatory abstention from food, drink, sexual intercourse and the like from sunrise to sunset for the entire month of Ramadan. This obligation is removed for the traveller and the sick who are required to make up the days which they miss. It is one of the five pillars of Islam.
Seerah - A biography of the life of the final Messenger Muhammad (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam).
Shart (pl. Shuroot) - Condition.
Sharee'ah - The Islamic Law, in particular, what is stated in the texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah.
Shaykh (pl. Shuyookh) - Correctly referred to as a religious scholar, however, it is also referred to one who is elderly.
Shaitan (pl. Satan) - Satan, the devil. (Iblis)
Shirk - Polytheism, associating partners in the worship of Allah.
Shurah - Consultation.
Siraat - Literally means, "path, way, road", it also refers to the bridge across the Hell-Fire over which people will need to cross to reach Paradise. It is sharper than the sword and finer than a strand of hair.
Surah – Chapter, one of the 114 chapters of the Noble Qur’an.
Subhana Wa Ta’ala - Glory be to Him the Almighty.
Sujood - The full-prostration posture in Salat.
Sunnah (pl. Sunan) - Way, mode, manner. Correctly referred to as the words, actions and tacit approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wa Salam) which serve as an explanation of the meaning of the Noble Qur’an.
Sutrah - An object like a pillar, wall, stick, spear etc., the height of which should not be less than a foot and must be in front of a praying person to act as a symbolical barrier between him and those passing in front.
 Tahreem - Prohibition, or rendering something Haram.
Takbeer - The saying of "Allah Hu Akbar".
Takleef - Liability, obligation.
Talaq - Divorce initiated by the Husband.
Talbiyyah - The saying of "Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk" during the Hajj and the 'Umrah.
Tamattu - When a person performs the 'Umrah during one of the months of Hajj. Then he leaves the state of ihraam and re-enters it to begin his Hajj.
Taraweeh - Special evening prayers held during Ramadan. Each night 1/30th of the Qur’an is recited so that by the end of the month the entire book has been read/pronounced.
Taqleed - Imitation, following the views and opinions of others.
Tashahhud - the recitation of the invocation: (at-tahiyyaatu lillaahe) up to (wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasullullah), while in the Qu’ood posture in Salat.
Tashree - Legislation.
Tasleem - whilst in the Qu’ood posture, turning the face to the right and reciting (Asalamu’alaikum Warahmatullah Wabarakatuhu) and then to the left likewise at the end of the Salat.
Tawaaf - Circumambulation of the Ka'bah.
Tawhid - Oneness of God. Islamic monotheism.
Tawaatur - Continuous recurrence, continuous testimony.
Tayammum - "Minor ritual purification", ablution with clean sand/soil in the absence of water.
Ulemah - Muslim “clergy”. Important, respected and responsible scholars of Islam.
Ummah - The international Muslim community regardless of national origin, borders and/or languages.
Umrah - The "minor pilgrimage." It has less rites than the "major pilgrimage" (Hajj). In general, it may be performed at any time of the year.
Waajib - Obligatory, often synonymous with Fardh.
Wahee - Divine revelation.
Walee - Guardian.
Waleemah - Marriage banquet offered by the husband after the marriage has been consummated.
Waqf (pl. Awqaaf) - Charitable endowment.
Witr - Odd number of Rakats to be performed after Salat al - Isha. and before Salat al - Fajr.
Wudu - Ablutions. Ritual cleansing for the purpose of entering a mosque and conducting prayers.
Wujoob - Obligation, rendering something obligatory.
Zakat - Alms or poor tax. A voluntary but customary contribution or tithe (usually financial) to the poor. Usually set at 2.5% of ones annual income.
Zakat Al – Fitr - Obligatory charity given by Muslims before the 'Eid Al - Fitr prayer.
Zam - Zam - Sacred well located within Al - Masjid Al - Haram.
Zina - Adultery, fornication.

“Always Base Your Life Around Your Religion And Not Your Religion Around Your Life”

 Jazakum Allah Khair

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